The complexity of the microbiome

We live in a society that cares a lot about beauty aesthetics, some worry about their health and perform weight loss surgery in Tijuana Mexico which is a good thing if they have already tried several methods without any success, however the health experts say that people should consider the ecological impact of substances added to food. Our intestinal bacteria are bombarded with things that we have never eaten or that we have never consumed in the amounts that we do now.

In research it is estimated that the usual additions of food can cause our microbial communities to take harmful directions, not only potentially contributing to the emergence of new pathogens, but also encouraging the appearance of diseases such as obesity, diabetes and inflammatory bowel disease.

Intestinal microbes are slightly removed from the intestinal lining by a thin layer of mucosa and, apparently, the Western diet erodes that protective barrier by bringing the microbes too close (conversely, a diet rich in soluble fiber keeps the mucus barrier thick and healthy).

It is worth noting that the prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease has increased dramatically in recent decades.

Then there are the artificial sweeteners such as sucralose and saccharin that we consume in diet sodas and “sugar-free” snacks in the hope of reducing calories. Our body can not digest most of these substances, which are made to pass directly, but it turns out that the microbes that inhabit the colon can metabolize these sweeteners to our detriment.

What can we do in the meantime? The microbiome is molded mainly from the people, animals and even the plants that we live with, the soil that we tread, in addition to the antibiotics we ingest and our own genetics, among other factors, and it is very difficult to control them all. What we can control is what we feed our microbes: what we eat.