Hypothyroidism is the second most frequent endocrine disease, after diabetes mellitus. It causes metabolic, physiological and biochemical changes that affect most of the body’s systems. If you think you can suffer from this disease go with your doctor, if you see that your teeth are becoming very yellow that is a sign of hundreds of diseases, go with your Tijuana dentist.

It is 10 times more frequent in women than in men and the risk increases with age. At its most basic level, the thyroid hormone is responsible for coordinating the body’s energy, growth and metabolism.

Hypothyroidism (or low levels of thyroid hormone) encourages metabolism and decreases the growth and repair of many parts of the body, but how can one realize this problem?

What is hypothyroidism?
The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the trachea. If you place your fingers on the sides of Adam’s apple and swallow, you will feel that the thyroid gland slips under your fingers.

The gland releases thyroid hormone, which controls the growth and metabolism of virtually every part of your body.

The pituitary gland, a small gland in the middle of your head, monitors your physiology and releases the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). TSH is the signal for the thyroid gland to release thyroid hormone.

Sometimes TSH levels increase, but the thyroid gland can not release more hormones. This is known as primary hypothyroidism, since the problem begins at the level of the thyroid gland.

Other times, TSH levels decrease and the thyroid never receives the signal to increase thyroid hormone levels. This is called secondary hypothyroidism.

One of the most common symptoms of hypothyroidism is fatigue. Thyroid hormone controls the balance of energy and can influence your fatigue. For example, animals that hibernate experience low levels of thyroid hormone to sleep for a long time.

People with high levels of thyroid hormone feel nervous and restless. On the contrary, people with low levels feel exhausted and slow.

Weight gain
Unexplained weight gain is another common symptoms of hypothyroidism. Because of fatigue, not only do you not want to move, but low levels of thyroid hormone will signal liver, muscle and adipose tissue to store calories.

The metabolism changes its function. Instead of burning calories for growth and activity, the amount of energy you use at rest or your basal metabolic rate decreases. As a result, your body tends to store more calories in the form of fat.

Because of this, low levels of thyroid hormone can cause weight gain, despite a good diet and regular physical activity.

You became cold
Heat is a bioproduct of calorie burning. Or do not you feel hot when you exercise? However, in cases of hypothyroidism, your basal metabolic rate decreases, reducing the amount of heat that is generated.

In addition, thyroid hormone converts the thermostat into brown fat, which is a specialized type of fat that generates heat. Brown fat is important to maintain body heat in cold climates, but hypothyroidism prevents it from doing its job, according to the European Society of Endicronology.

If you have always been cold, there is nothing to worry about, but if you have noticed that you are suffering from increasingly cold weather lately, pay attention to the other symptoms.

Weakness and pain in muscles and joints
Low levels of thyroid hormone activate the metabolic shift towards catabolism, which is when the body breaks down the body’s tissues like muscle to obtain energy. During catabolism, muscle strength decreases, which can cause feelings of weakness. And the process of breaking down muscle tissue can also cause pain.

It is normal to feel weakness from time to time. However, people with hypothyroidism are twice as likely to feel weaker than normal.

Hair loss
Like many cells, hair follicles are regulated by the thyroid hormone. Because the follicles have stem cells with a short lifespan, they are more sensitive to low levels of thyroid hormone.

When you have hypothyroidism, the hair follicles stop regenerating, which causes a significant loss of hair. However, this problem usually improves when treatment is received.